History of Coins

Here are some samples of historic coins of the world: The first gold coins struck by King Kroesus of Lydia, those of Alexander the Great, Phillip II, Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Brutus, Augustus Caesar, Emperor Constantine, her monther Helena.

Chinese coins

Japanese coins

Currency bars

Roman currencies

P.978 - §6 It was no empty boast that a certain Egyptian ruler made when he stated that he had sacrificed: 113,433 slaves, 493,386 head of cattle, 88 boats, 2,756 golden images, 331,702 jars of honey and oil, 228,380 jars of wine, 680,714 geese, 6,744,428 loaves of bread, and 5,740,352 sacks of coin. And in order to do this he must needs have sorely taxed his toiling subjects.
electrum electrum
lydia lydia
coin Lydia

cyzicus cyzicus
coin coin
philip philip
Alexander the Great (#10) and Philip II (#11)
A gold coin depicting Alexander the Great.
alexander alexander

These are the coins used during the times of Jesus.
The silver denarius was the most common coin then, and was worth one day's wage for common laborers and soldiers.

"But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, "Why put Me to the test, you hypocrites? Show me the money for the tax." And they brought Him a coin. And Jesus said to them, "Whose likeness and inscription is this?"

"They said, "Caesar's."

"Then He said to them, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." (Matthew 22:17-21 RSV)

"For the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard." (Matthew 20:1-2 RSV)

It might have been Tiberius' copper coin. Had it been a gold coin, the author would probably have said so..

coin coin
augustus augustus
coins coins
Solidus of Byzantine emperor (left)
sestertius sestertius
judea judea
diocletian maxentius
When Maximian asked him to resume the reins of the Roman empire, "he rejected the temptation with a smile of pity, calmly observing that, if he could show Maximian the cabbages which he had planted with his own hands at Salona, he should no longer be urged to relinquish the enjoyment of happiness for the pursuit of power." (Gibbon, The Decline and the Fall of the Roman Empire, Chapter XIII, 1960).

Helena was Constantine's mother. At her suggestion, Constantine builds the Holy Sepulchure Church (Jesus' Tomb) in Jerusalem.
otto otto
gold gold
thaler amsterda
ducat ducat
spanish spanish
standard standard
coin coin