Along the Upper River at the Qingming Festival

18th century copy The original was by Zhang Zeduan, a 12th century Chinese artist.

Qiu Ying (1494 - 1552) was one of the four masters of Chinese paintings during Ming dynasty. No photos of his Qingming painting is available on the Internet. Just come to class to see a copy of his painting, which is about 30 feet long, which gives details of the lifestyle the Chinese people enjoyed during the Myng dynasty. Pu Yi, the last emperor of Qing dynasty, took the painting with him when he lef the palace in 1924. Later he became the puppet rule of Manchuria (or Manchu Kuo). The Soviets got hold of the painting, and eventually returned to Beijing in 1949.

Shops with signboards indicate the goods they carried: Heavy metal fans, paper and candles, convenience store, brass utensils, drug store, internal medicine, shoes, Buddha figures, boots, hammered brass utensils, fine red silk, dyed textiles, tea and noodles, paper fans, socks, rice, barley and soybeans, coals, gowns, umbrellas and raincoats, vermecelli, bookstores, archives, salts, pottery, salons (with geisha dancers), dyed fabrics, calligraphy and (Chinese) paintings, internal and surgical medicine, schools, gold and silver, wine glasses, pipas (string instruments), music institute, adult medicine, pediatric medicine, blacksmith, trade services, open theater with audience, and (on the bridge) shops selling: silk, candies, gold and silver smith,

In addition, there are many boats loading and unloading rice, and green and red silk rolls.

Qiu Ying pained the lifestyle of Chinese city over a century after Emperor Yonglo, 3rd emperor of Ming dynasty China.

China's population during the Tang dynasty is estimated to be about 50 million people. Before the Mongol invasion, it reached about 120 million, but declined to 60 million inhabitants after the invasion. Before the end of WWII, it reached 450 million people, and is expected to rise to about 1.5 billion people in 2050.